A pandemic is the outbreak of a disease on a world-wide scale.  A pandemic occurs when a new strain of virus emerges from which this is little or no immunity in the population, and it is readily transferred between humans to produce infection in a high proportion of those exposed.

For individuals and families

Prevention methods


  • Wash your hands with soap or alcohol based hand wash
  • Cover your mouth when you cough or sneeze
  • Don’t share personal items
  • Clean all surfaces
  • Maintain good health and fitness


  • Consider obtaining an annual flu vaccination
  • Ensure your children are immunised and receive appropriate boosters

Contact your medical professional to obtain more information about your specific circumstances.


  • Have a plan to stay home for an extended period
  • Have pain relief, tissues, food and fluids on hand for at least a weeks stay at home
  • Obtain contact information for at-risk neighbours, friends or family members

When unwell

  • Stay at home, rest and drink plenty of fluids. Consult with your medical professional for appropriate pain relief and medication
  • Refrain from smoking
  • Ask for help if living alone
  • Seek medical help and discuss anti-viral medication with your doctor

Further information and advice is available from

For Business Owners

In the event of a pandemic, it is likely that small organisations with limited resources will particularly feel the impact.  Even the loss of a few key employees, volunteers or suppliers has the potential to cause major disruptions to an organisations ability to function.  With this in mind, non-government organisations should consider developing business continuity and pandemic plans and work closely with local government to manage the effects.